The Poodle is one of the most popular dogs in the world; it is a breed with a long and rich history that began in Europe and gradually spread to all continents. These dogs are excellent companions for those looking for an intelligent and elegant dog. The Poodle has a hypoallergenic coat, making it a great choice if you have allergies in your family.


The Poodle has tremendous vitality, he has a lot of energy, he is great at entertaining and laughing. For him, training sessions are often associated with play, because he loves to learn and delight his master. With a Poodle, you can play both educational games and ordinary catch-up – he will be happy in both cases. It is a dog known for its remarkable learning ability and ability to adapt to any lifestyle.

A former waterfowl hunter, the Poodle has a strong hunting instinct and a special love for the water. This is a very kind dog, which, nevertheless, is sure to be vigilant when a stranger appears or if something unusual appears in the field of view. He will conscientiously warn the owners with a sonorous bark about the approach of an intruder, but he is unlikely to be able to seriously scare someone with his appearance.

Strongly attached to the members of his social group, the Poodle is ready to spend all his time with his owner. He needs constant contact with him to feel comfortable. Left to himself, the Poodle loses the joyous disposition that makes him so cute and can turn into a constantly barking neurotic. Being alone for a long time, the Poodle can devote his time to destructive activities.

This dog is very easy and pleasant to train because it quickly learns everything that is asked of it. Endowed with remarkable intelligence and excellent sensitivity, Poodles do not accept brutal training methods and may refuse to obey. You should prioritize gentle, positive training methods based on trust.

Regardless of size, the Poodle is ideal as a first dog, as it has all the qualities to adapt to any lifestyle and human temperament. Obedient, intelligent, friendly, playful, cheerful, it is suitable for young and old, for active lifestyles, and those who like to lie on the couch. And due to the fact that among the Poodles there are four varieties, differing in size, each person can choose a dog that is right for him.

Breed Standards

  • Large Poodle: height from 45 to 60 cm, weight from 20 to 23 kg;
  • Medium Poodle: height from 35 to 45 cm, weight from 8 to 23 kg;
  • Small Poodle: height from 28 cm to 35 cm, weight: from 7 to 8 kg;
  • Toy-Poodle: height from 25 cm to 28 cm, weight: from 6.5 to 7.5 kg.

Despite the decorative appearance, the Poodle is a strong dog with well-developed muscles. The format is square or just slightly different from it.

The head is proportional. The shape is somewhat elongated, elegant, beautifully tapering. The occipital protuberance is pronounced. The skull is narrow, the superciliary arches are pronounced, but not too much. Even a slight bulge of the forehead is a disadvantage. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is distinct. The muzzle is slightly shorter than the average length and should be neither turned up nor drooping. A sharp muzzle is unacceptable. The Poodle has a well-defined chin. The lips are not saggy, not soggy. The color of the nose is black, uniform.

Long, low hanging ears, wide at the base and rounded at the ends, flow along with the head, lying close to the cheeks. Covered in wavy beautifying hair. The eyes are set wide, slightly oblique, almond-shaped, not too large. Eye color ranges from black to deep amber. The latter, however, is permissible only with a brown coat. The eyelids fit tightly, the edge is pigmented. The teeth are white, healthy, with a correct bite.

The high-set, medium-sized neck is well filled with muscles and has a graceful nape contour. The landing of the head on the neck is proud. The withers are not very pronounced, but muscular. The line of the back is straight, a slight inclination towards the croup is acceptable. The back is below average length, the back is strong and elastic. The croup is round, strong, neither narrow nor long, not sharply sloping.

High-set straight tail. In the past, part of the tail was docked, now in many countries, this practice is prohibited.
The chest is deep, rather broad, but not too wide. The belly is tucked up, but not lean.
Legs are muscular, without curvature, parallel to each other. Paws are oval, regular in shape, small in size. The color of the claws corresponds to the color of the dog.

The coat is Poodle-like, that is, extremely elastic, consisting of all types of hair: integumentary, intermediate, and undercoat. They are all extremely thick and highly curled. The coat is very coarse, of uniform length throughout the body. May form a uniform curly coat, or form cords. The standard requires obligatory trimming for participation in exhibitions.
The color can be white, black, gray, brown, or apricot. Any color should be uniform throughout the body, without spots and hairs of a different color. Special requirements for brown color – it cannot be too light, or almost black.


The intensity of grooming for the Poodle depends on whether the dog shows or is just a pet. But in both cases, a professional groomer should be engaged in grooming a Poodle so that your dog always looks perfect. For non-show pet dogs, weekly grooming and occasional haircuts are required to keep the coat in good condition.

The Poodle is one of the dogs that lose very little hair, so they are especially suitable for people with allergies. Unlike most dogs, which shed their old coat during molting, the Poodle constantly builds it up. If the Poodle’s coat is left untouched for a long time, it will become matted and look like dreadlocks. You should check your dog’s eyes and teeth regularly and clean his ears at least once a week.


In general, the Poodle is quite a tough dog, but he also has health problems. Some diseases occur in Poodles of all sizes, and some are specific to only one variety. For example, the weak point of all Poodles is their ears: they are prone to ear infections if they are not cleaned regularly.

Life expectancy: 12-15 years

Frequent illnesses: otitis media, Addison’s disease or hypocortisolism (endocrine disorders), the collapse of the trachea (respiratory tract disease), hip dysplasia, sebaceous adenitis, hypothyroidism, cancer, gastric dilatation, immune-mediated hemolytic anemia, epilepsy, cataract, glaucoma.

History of the Breed

Although the Poodle is steadfastly associated with France, the breed originated in Germany, where the word “Poodle” means splashing in the water. The ancestors of today’s Poodle were tireless hunters with a rustic appearance, specializing in water games. The Poodle began its development as a hunting dog over 400 years ago.

With a thick, curly coat that was weatherproof, excellent swimming ability, and amazing intelligence, the poodle was an excellent hunting dog. These days, the Medium Poodle is the only breed classified as an unsportsmanlike dog that can pass the AKC Retriever hunting tests.

Elegant medium and small Poodles became very popular among the nobility of France and, ultimately, all of Europe. The spectacular appearance and excellent learning ability of the breed made it a living toy, Poodles have long been associated with the European circus tradition.

The Toy Poodle was bred in America in the early 20th century as a companion dog ideal for urban life.

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